Effects of Thyroxine and Cortisol on Liver Threonine Dehydratase and Tryptophan Pyrrolase in Rats Fed a High Protein Diet

Y. Ku, Quinton Rogers, A. E. Harper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The activities of threonine dehydratase (l-threonine hydro-lyase EC4.2.1. 16) and tryptophan pyrrolase (l-tryptophan: Oxygen oxido-reductase EC 1.13.1.12) were measured in tissues from rats subjected to hormonal and dietary treatments. Both treatment with cortisol and a high protein intake resulted in elevations in the activities of these enzymes in intact, hypophysectomized, and thyroidectomized rats. The combined effect of cortisol treatment and a high protein intake on the activities of threonine dehydratase and tryptophan pyrrolase was as great or greater than the sum of the two treatments individually. Thyroidectomy resulted in a two- to threefold increase in the activity of threonine dehydratase, but did not affect the activity of tryptophan pyrrolase. Thyroxine injections depressed threonine dehydratase activity in intact, hypophysectomized, and thyroidectomized rats. Thyroxine also depressed the activity of threonine dehydratase in rats fed a high protein diet or injected with cortisol. Tryptophan pyrrolase activity was not altered in intact rats treated with thyroxine but was depressed in hypophysectomized rats fed control or high protein diets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-563
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume130
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1969
Externally publishedYes

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Threonine Dehydratase
Tryptophan Oxygenase
Nutrition
Thyroxine
Liver
Hydrocortisone
Rats
Diet
Proteins
Hydro-Lyases
Thyroidectomy
Threonine
Therapeutics
Tryptophan
Oxidoreductases
Tissue
Oxygen
Injections
Enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The activities of threonine dehydratase (l-threonine hydro-lyase EC4.2.1. 16) and tryptophan pyrrolase (l-tryptophan: Oxygen oxido-reductase EC 1.13.1.12) were measured in tissues from rats subjected to hormonal and dietary treatments. Both treatment with cortisol and a high protein intake resulted in elevations in the activities of these enzymes in intact, hypophysectomized, and thyroidectomized rats. The combined effect of cortisol treatment and a high protein intake on the activities of threonine dehydratase and tryptophan pyrrolase was as great or greater than the sum of the two treatments individually. Thyroidectomy resulted in a two- to threefold increase in the activity of threonine dehydratase, but did not affect the activity of tryptophan pyrrolase. Thyroxine injections depressed threonine dehydratase activity in intact, hypophysectomized, and thyroidectomized rats. Thyroxine also depressed the activity of threonine dehydratase in rats fed a high protein diet or injected with cortisol. Tryptophan pyrrolase activity was not altered in intact rats treated with thyroxine but was depressed in hypophysectomized rats fed control or high protein diets.",
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