Effects of three warm-up regimens of equal distance on V o2 kinetics during supramaximal exercise in Thoroughbred horses

K. Mukai, A. Hiraga, T. Takahashi, H. Ohmura, James H Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reasons for performing study: Several studies have indicated that even low-intensity warm-up increases V̇O2max transport kinetics and that high-intensity warm-up may not be needed in horses. However, conventional warm-up exercise for Thoroughbred races is more intense than those utilised in previous studies of equine warm-up responses.Objectives: To test the hypothesis that warm-up exercise at different intensities alters the kinetics and total contribution of aerobic power to total metabolic power in subsequent supramaximal (sprint) exercise in Thoroughbred horses. Methods: Nine well-trained Thoroughbreds ran until fatigue at 115% of maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) 10 min after warming-up under each of 3 protocols of equal running distance: 400 s at 30% V̇O2max (LoWU), 200 s at 60% V̇O2max (MoWU) and 120 s at 100% V̇O2max (HiWU). Variables measured during exercise were rates of O2 and CO2 consumption/production (V̇O2,V̇OCO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate, blood lactate concentration and accumulation rate and blood gas variables. Results: V̇O2max was significantly higher in HiWU than in LoWU at the onset of the sprint exercise and HR was significantly higher in HiWU than in LoWU throughout the sprint. Accumulation of blood lactate, RER, Paco2 and Pv̄CO2 in the first 60 s were significantly lower in HiWU than in LoWU and MoWU. There were no significant differences in stroke volume, run time or arterial-mixed venous O2 concentration.Conclusions: These results suggest HiWU accelerates kinetics and reduces reliance on net anaerobic power compared with LoWU at the onset of the subsequent sprint.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume42
Issue numberSUPPL. 38
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Warm-Up Exercise
Horses
exercise
Exercise
horses
kinetics
Lactic Acid
lactates
Oxygen Consumption
Running
Stroke Volume
Fatigue
Heart Rate
Gases
blood
blood gases
stroke
oxygen consumption
heart rate
testing

Keywords

  • Aerobic power
  • Horse
  • Supramaximal exercise
  • V̇okinetics
  • Warm-up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

Cite this

Effects of three warm-up regimens of equal distance on V o2 kinetics during supramaximal exercise in Thoroughbred horses. / Mukai, K.; Hiraga, A.; Takahashi, T.; Ohmura, H.; Jones, James H.

In: Equine Veterinary Journal, Vol. 42, No. SUPPL. 38, 11.2010, p. 33-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Reasons for performing study: Several studies have indicated that even low-intensity warm-up increases V̇O2max transport kinetics and that high-intensity warm-up may not be needed in horses. However, conventional warm-up exercise for Thoroughbred races is more intense than those utilised in previous studies of equine warm-up responses.Objectives: To test the hypothesis that warm-up exercise at different intensities alters the kinetics and total contribution of aerobic power to total metabolic power in subsequent supramaximal (sprint) exercise in Thoroughbred horses. Methods: Nine well-trained Thoroughbreds ran until fatigue at 115{\%} of maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) 10 min after warming-up under each of 3 protocols of equal running distance: 400 s at 30{\%} V̇O2max (LoWU), 200 s at 60{\%} V̇O2max (MoWU) and 120 s at 100{\%} V̇O2max (HiWU). Variables measured during exercise were rates of O2 and CO2 consumption/production (V̇O2,V̇OCO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), heart rate, blood lactate concentration and accumulation rate and blood gas variables. Results: V̇O2max was significantly higher in HiWU than in LoWU at the onset of the sprint exercise and HR was significantly higher in HiWU than in LoWU throughout the sprint. Accumulation of blood lactate, RER, Paco2 and Pv̄CO2 in the first 60 s were significantly lower in HiWU than in LoWU and MoWU. There were no significant differences in stroke volume, run time or arterial-mixed venous O2 concentration.Conclusions: These results suggest HiWU accelerates kinetics and reduces reliance on net anaerobic power compared with LoWU at the onset of the subsequent sprint.",
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