Effects of three levels of early intervention services on children prenatally exposed to cocaine

Angelika H. Claussen, Keith G. Scott, Peter Clive Mundy, Lynne F. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cocaine use during pregnancy is a high-risk indicator for adverse developmental outcomes. Three levels of intervention (center, home, and primary care) were compared in a full service, birth to age 3, early intervention program serving children exposed to cocaine prenatally. Data were collected on 130 children from urban, predominantly poor, primarily minority families. At 36 months, statistically significant, moderate to large intervention effects were found for cognition, receptive and expressive language, and gross motor development. Small effects were observed for behavior problems, and no statistically significant effects were found for fine motor or prosocial skills. Center-based care was most effective for improving language. These findings provide support that the center- and home-based early intervention programs examined in this study had positive effects on children at risk due to prenatal cocaine exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-220
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Early Intervention
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cocaine
Language
Home Care Services
children's program
Cognition
Primary Health Care
language
Parturition
pregnancy
cognition
Pregnancy
minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Effects of three levels of early intervention services on children prenatally exposed to cocaine. / Claussen, Angelika H.; Scott, Keith G.; Mundy, Peter Clive; Katz, Lynne F.

In: Journal of Early Intervention, Vol. 26, No. 3, 03.2004, p. 204-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Claussen, Angelika H. ; Scott, Keith G. ; Mundy, Peter Clive ; Katz, Lynne F. / Effects of three levels of early intervention services on children prenatally exposed to cocaine. In: Journal of Early Intervention. 2004 ; Vol. 26, No. 3. pp. 204-220.
@article{e878f4ede5af4b3a83a49f7d5cb4e74f,
title = "Effects of three levels of early intervention services on children prenatally exposed to cocaine",
abstract = "Cocaine use during pregnancy is a high-risk indicator for adverse developmental outcomes. Three levels of intervention (center, home, and primary care) were compared in a full service, birth to age 3, early intervention program serving children exposed to cocaine prenatally. Data were collected on 130 children from urban, predominantly poor, primarily minority families. At 36 months, statistically significant, moderate to large intervention effects were found for cognition, receptive and expressive language, and gross motor development. Small effects were observed for behavior problems, and no statistically significant effects were found for fine motor or prosocial skills. Center-based care was most effective for improving language. These findings provide support that the center- and home-based early intervention programs examined in this study had positive effects on children at risk due to prenatal cocaine exposure.",
author = "Claussen, {Angelika H.} and Scott, {Keith G.} and Mundy, {Peter Clive} and Katz, {Lynne F.}",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "204--220",
journal = "Journal of Early Intervention",
issn = "1053-8151",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of three levels of early intervention services on children prenatally exposed to cocaine

AU - Claussen, Angelika H.

AU - Scott, Keith G.

AU - Mundy, Peter Clive

AU - Katz, Lynne F.

PY - 2004/3

Y1 - 2004/3

N2 - Cocaine use during pregnancy is a high-risk indicator for adverse developmental outcomes. Three levels of intervention (center, home, and primary care) were compared in a full service, birth to age 3, early intervention program serving children exposed to cocaine prenatally. Data were collected on 130 children from urban, predominantly poor, primarily minority families. At 36 months, statistically significant, moderate to large intervention effects were found for cognition, receptive and expressive language, and gross motor development. Small effects were observed for behavior problems, and no statistically significant effects were found for fine motor or prosocial skills. Center-based care was most effective for improving language. These findings provide support that the center- and home-based early intervention programs examined in this study had positive effects on children at risk due to prenatal cocaine exposure.

AB - Cocaine use during pregnancy is a high-risk indicator for adverse developmental outcomes. Three levels of intervention (center, home, and primary care) were compared in a full service, birth to age 3, early intervention program serving children exposed to cocaine prenatally. Data were collected on 130 children from urban, predominantly poor, primarily minority families. At 36 months, statistically significant, moderate to large intervention effects were found for cognition, receptive and expressive language, and gross motor development. Small effects were observed for behavior problems, and no statistically significant effects were found for fine motor or prosocial skills. Center-based care was most effective for improving language. These findings provide support that the center- and home-based early intervention programs examined in this study had positive effects on children at risk due to prenatal cocaine exposure.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2442606267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2442606267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:2442606267

VL - 26

SP - 204

EP - 220

JO - Journal of Early Intervention

JF - Journal of Early Intervention

SN - 1053-8151

IS - 3

ER -