Effects of the α-glucosidase inhibitor acarbose on postprandial serum glucose and insulin concentrations in healthy dogs

Jane Robertson, Richard W Nelson, Philip H Kass, Larry Neal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To determine effects of acarbose on baseline and postprandial serum glucose and insulin concentrations in healthy dogs, if effects of acarbose were dosage related, and if acarbose caused any short- term adverse effects. Animals - 5 healthy dogs fed a high-fiber diet. Procedure - A Latin-square design was used. During each 1-week treatment period, dogs were given a placebo or 25, 50, 100, or 200 mg of acarbose, PO, twice daily immediately prior to feeding. There was a 1-week interval between periods. At the end of each treatment period, serum glucose and insulin concentrations were measured prior to feeding and at 30- to 60-minute intervals for 6 hours after feeding. Results - Baseline serum glucose and insulin concentrations, insulin peak response, and total glucose absorption were not significantly different following treatment with placebo and treatment with acarbose; however, total insulin secretion was significantly decreased when dogs were treated with 100 or 200 mg of acarbose. Four dogs developed soft to watery stools when treated with 200 mg of acarbose, and 2 dogs lost weight during the study. Results of CBC and serum biochemical analyses were within reference ranges throughout the study. Conclusions - Acarbose did not induce any serious adverse effects and was effective in healthy dogs in reducing total postprandial insulin secretion when administered immediately prior to meals. Clinical Relevance - Results suggest that acarbose may help control hyperglycemia in dogs with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Additional studies designed to evaluate the effect of acarbose on post-prandial blood glucose concentrations in dogs with diabetes mellitus are indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume60
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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