Effects of taurine on bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in hamsters

Q. Wang, S. N. Giri, D. M. Hyde, J. M. Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four groups of hamsters were assigned as saline + saline, taurine + saline (TS), saline + bleomycin (SB), and taurine + bleomycin (TB). The animals were treated with either saline or taurine (500 mg/kg ip) for 1 week and just prior to intratracheal instillation of bleomycin (7.5 units/kg) or saline on the eight day. Thereafter, taurine administration was continued ip (250 mg/kg) and in drinking water (1%) for another 14 days. Bleomycin-induced increases in lung collagen were significantly inhibited in TB hamsters. Plasma taurine concentration in the TS group was significantly higher than that of the other groups. Lung lavage (bronchoalveolar lavage fluid) taurine in the SB group was significantly higher than the saline + saline and TS groups. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid supernatant protein and acid phosphatase levels in the SB and TB groups were significantly increased over the saline + saline and TS groups. Although the total numbers of cells recovered in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was not different among the four groups, there were significantly fewer neutrophils in the TB as compared with SB hamsters. Morphometric analysis revealed less than half as much lesion (diffuse mononuclear alveolitis and multifocal fibroplasia) in TB as compared with SB hamsters. Also, consolidated foci were less frequent and smaller in TB as compared with SB hamsters. Taurine may attenuate bleomycin-induced inflammation and fibrosis by scavenging reactive oxygen metabolites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Volume190
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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