Effects of resident duty-hours restrictions on surgical and nonsurgical teaching faculty

Kimberly Vanderveen, Michael Chen, Lynette Scherer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the effects of resident dutyhours restrictions on teaching faculty, patient care, and the institutional climate at a single center. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire was provided to all teaching faculty (N=606) at a single institution from March through October 2006. The questionnaire focused on perceptions of job satisfaction, workload changes, and effects on patient care and the institution. Results: Overall response rate was 41% (n=248). More than half of faculty (n=140 [56%]) feel they have less time for teaching, 33% report less time for extracurricular activities, and 42% report increased work hours. Forty-three percent of respondents (n=106) were less satisfied with their jobs after implementation of resident dutyhours restrictions, while only 2% (n=5) were more satisfied. Of the respondent faculty, surgeons were more likely than nonsurgeons to report increased work hours (54% vs 34%; P=.002), decreased time for teaching (66% vs 51%; P=.03), lower job satisfaction (55% vs 35%; P=.003), and negative effects on their personal relationships outside of work (24% vs 12%; P=.01). Although most responses suggest that the restrictions on resident duty hours have not adversely affected patient care or the institutional climate, 33% of respondents (n=82) felt that patient care was worse. Conclusions: Surgeons reported a particularly negative effect from resident duty-hours reform, especially within the areas of job satisfaction, time for teaching, and workload. Efforts to counteract these effects will be critical to maintain and recruit teaching faculty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)759-764
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Surgery
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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