High energy phosphates [phosphocreatine (PCr) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP)] are maintained in the heart under conditions of altered myocardial contractility and under certain conditions of myocardial ischemia (such as hibernating myocardium). However, the metabolic consequences of reduced regional contractility have not been investigated. This study was designed to test the hypotheses that (1) under conditions of normal blood flow, reduction in regional contractility does not result in changes in PCr or ATP and (2) under conditions of reduced blood flow, reduction in regional contractility prevents the expected decline in high energy phosphates usually seen in regional ischemia. An in situ open chest swine preparation was used in which regional contractility was reduced with the administration of intracoronary lidocaine. High energy phosphates were measured using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) under conditions of normal flow and reduced flow. Intracoronary lidocaine infusion in 9 animals did not change blood flow from basal levels, but significantly reduced regional segment shortening from 0.16 ± 0.02 to 0.02 ± 0.01. The ratio of PCr/ATP did not change with lidocaine infusion (control: 1.53 ± 0.09; lidocaine: 1.59 ± 0.11), but oxygen content in the anterior interventricular vein increased from 8.25 ± 0.69 to 9.83 ± 0.91 ml/O2/100 ml blood in parallel studies (P = 0.04). While the lidocaine infusion was maintained, subsequent coronary stenosis significantly reduced subendocardial blood flow from 0.91 ± 0.06 to 0.41 ± 0.06 ml/min/g without significantly altering high energy phosphates (PCr/ATP = 1.51 ± 0.15). In contrast to the 29% decline in PCr previously seen with regional ischemia, PCr was unchanged with this degree of flow reduction in the presence of lidocaine. Thus, PCr and ATP are unchanged under conditions of reduced contractility, consistent with equilibrium of energy synthesis and utilization. In addition, factors which reduce myocardial contractility, either pharmacologically or endogenously, protect against the metabolic consequences of reduced flow by reducing MVO2.
- High energy phosphates
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
- Myocardial ischemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Molecular Biology