Effects of marginal and severe iron deficiency on hepatic proteins in developing rats are reversible with dietary iron repletion

Deborah S. Arce, Carl L Keen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transferrin, metallothionein, cytochrome P-450, and the in vitro formation of DNA-benzo[a]pyrene adducts were studied in the offspring of dams that were fed diets moderately or severely deficient in iron (Fe). The study was designed to determine whether Fe deficiency-induced alterations were reversible or if they persisted with post-weaning iron repletion. Throughout gestation and lactation the dams were fed a Control diet = 120 μg Fe/g diet, a Marginal Iron diet = 11 μg Fe/g diet, or a Low Iron diet = 7 μg Fe/g diet. On day 14 of lactation, 4 pups per litter were killed. On day 21, the dams were killed. Half of the remaining pups in each litter were fed their respective diets until they were killed on day 42 (Marginal Iron-Marginal Iron and Low Iron-Low Iron groups). The other half were fed the Control diet (Marginal Iron-Control and Low Iron-Control groups). The dietary intake of the Restricted Fed offspring was matched to rats in the Low Iron-Low Iron group. Offspring in the iron-deficient groups had hematocrits, hemoglobin concentrations, and liver iron levels that were lower than Controls. Day 42 offspring in the iron-deficiency groups had a lower food intake and higher liver zinc and copper levels than Controls. Day 14 Marginal and Low Iron pups had liver metallothionein levels that were lower than Controls. Day 42 Restricted Fed offspring had liver metallothionein levels that were higher than all other groups. Cytochrome P-450 levels and the in vitro formation of benzo[a]pyrene-DNA adducts were higher in Low Iron-Low Iron males than in Control males. Ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase activity was higher in day 42 Low Iron-Low Iron offspring than in Controls. These results show that the iron deficiency-induced alterations were transient, reversible with iron repletion, and in the case of cytochrome P-450 and ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase activity, dependent on the age and sex of the animal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-72
Number of pages12
JournalReproductive Toxicology
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • benzo[a]pyrene-DNA adducts
  • cytochrome P-450
  • development
  • iron
  • metallothionein
  • transferrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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