Effects of low levels of ultraviolet radiation on antioxidant mechanisms of Japanese Medaka (Oryzias latipes)

Wilson F. Ramírez-Duarte, Tomofumi Kurobe, Swee J Teh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extreme weather events like drought are expected to increase with climate change, which will increase exposure of freshwater fish to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Compared to fully grown adult fish, fish in early life stages are more susceptible to UV radiation due to the lack of well-developed pigmentation. Even though several studies have described affectation of fish health after exposure to UV radiation, most of the studies have used intensities that are only found on the surface of the earth crust or at shallow depths in water bodies, and little is known about impacts of weaker UV radiation, which can be found in deep water. This study showed effects on the antioxidant system of Japanese Medaka after 7 days of exposure to very low intensities of UV radiation, levels that can be found at deep locations in lakes and rivers. Exposure to UV radiation (UVA: 360.1 ± 18.4 μW cm 2 for a dose of 21.6 ± 1.2 mJ cm−2 min−1, and UVB: 6.3 ± 0.5 μW cm 2 for a dose of 0.38 ± 0.03 mJ cm−2 min−1) caused a reduction in the catalase activity (over 50%) and enhanced oxidative damage to lipids. Results of this study showed that environmentally relevant, low levels of UV radiation affect mechanisms by which fish deal with enhanced production of reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage. The results raise concerns about early life stages of fish under scenarios of increased exposure to solar light, such as in tropic regions or during summer in temperate regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-312
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume181
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Keywords

  • Catalase inhibition
  • Freshwater fish
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Solar light

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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