Effects of "loop" diuretics on ion transport by dog tracheal epithelium.

J. H. Widdicombe, I. T. Nathanson, E. Highland

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69 Scopus citations


The "loop" diuretics MK-196, bumetanide, piretanide, and furosemide are all potent inhibitors of Cl transport by the dog's tracheal epithelium. In short-circuited tissues, the drugs caused significant decreases in both unidirectional Cl fluxes and in the net flux of Cl toward the lumen; the change in net Cl flux was not significantly different from the change in short-circuit current. The drugs had no effect on active Na absorption. All drugs caused a significant fall in tissue conductance. All drugs, except MK-196, were more potent from the serosal bath; MK-196 was equipotent from either side of the tissue. In experiments with isolated cells, the diuretics caused no significant changes in intracellular Na and K concentrations, a fall in intracellular Cl concentration, and approximately equal falls in Na and Cl influxes. These results suggest that the site of action of these drugs is on a basolateral linked Na-Cl entry process. Additional evidence for such a linked entry process was provided by experiments in which removal of Cl reduced Na influx and removal of Na reduced Cl influx.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Issue number5 Pt 1
StatePublished - Nov 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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