Effects of hypophysectomy and acute growth hormone treatment upon glucose metabolism in adipose tissues and isolated adipocytes of rats

B. R. Batchelor, J. Penner, J. Hirsch, J. S. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glucose oxidation and incorporation into lipid were measured in epididymal adipose tissues and isolated adipose cells of normal and hypophysectomized rats in an effort to determine whether the acute hypoglycemic effect of a systemic growth hormone (GH) injection was related to alterations in the glucose metabolism of adipose tissue. The rats were fed rat chow or a high sucrose diet and received 100 μg GH intraperitoneally 30 minutes or three and one half hours before sacrifice. Hypophysectomized rats showed a lower plasma glucose as compared with normal rats on both diets. Thirty minutes after a GH injection there was a further decrease of the plasma glucose which, however, was not present in those rats receiving GH three and one half hours before sacrifice. Adipose tissues from hypophysectomized rats fed the high sucrose diet showed a blunted insulin sensitivity as compared with normal rats on a similar diet. The insulin sensitivity of these tissues was further decreased 30 minutes after a GH injection. Basal glucose metabolism of isolated adipocytes from hypophysectomized rats, as compared with normal rats, was depressed if they were fed rat chow, was at normal levels if they were fed the high sucrose diet and was increased if they were fed the sucrose diet and received triiodothyronine and cortisone supplements. No manipulations of diet or hormonal treatments made the isolated adipocyte from hypophysectomized rats sensitive to insulin either 30 minutes or three and one half hours after a GH injection. Since basal glucose utilization is not enhanced by GH injection and both the blunted insulin sensitivity of adipose tissue and the absent insulin sensitivity of adipopocytes would be expected to produce hyperglycemia rather than hypoglycemia, it is concluded that immediate systemic effects of a GH injection on carbohydrate metabolism are not related to changes in glucose metabolism of the peripheral adipose tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

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