Effects of hydrogen peroxide on vestibular hair cells in the guinea pig: Importance of cell membrane impairment preceding cell death

Tohru Tanigawa, Hirokazu Tanaka, Ken Hayashi, Meiho Nakayama, Satoshi Iwasaki, Shinya Banno, Masaya Takumida, Hilary A Brodie, Shigeru Inafuku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Conclusion. Our findings indicate that oxidative stress induces morphological changes in vestibular hair cells and subsequently leads to cell death after 2.5 h. Objectives. The aim of this study was to confirm the direct effects of oxidative stress on vestibular hair cells. Materials and methods. Vestibular hair cells isolated from guinea pigs were loaded with 1 or 10 mM H2O2, and morphological changes were observed. In addition, in a viability/cytotoxicity assay system, the numbers of dead cells in isolated cristae ampullares were counted 1, 3, and 5 h after loading with H2O2 or artificial perilymph (control). Results. Reactive oxygen, in the form of H2O2, directly affects the cell membrane of isolated vestibular hair cells and causes swelling of the cell body, bleb formation, and shortening of the neck region. Morphological changes occur within 30 min after loading with H2O2, but a significant increase in the number of dead cells is noted only after 3 h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1196-1202
Number of pages7
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2008



  • Cell membrane impairment
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Vestibular hair cells
  • Viability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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