Effects of high resistance training in coronary artery disease

Linda E. Crozier Ghilarducci, Robert G. Holly, Ezra A Amsterdam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Resistive activities for cardiac patients have traditionally been discouraged. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a 30 min/day, 3 day/week, 10-week strength training program in 9 stable, aerobically trained, male cardiac patients. The strength training program comprised lifting 80% of maximum voluntary contraction at 5 stations: quadriceps extension, bench press, standing biceps curl, hamstring curl and military press and performing 80% of the maximum number of sit-ups in 1 minute. Maximum voluntary contraction for each lift and body composition via body weight, hydrostatic weighing, skinfolds and girths were determined before and after training. The electrocardiogram was monitored during all maximum voluntary contraction lifts and heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were monitored during all activities. The only change in measures of body composition was an 11% increase in quadriceps girth (p < 0.05). Maximum voluntary contraction increased 17, 12, 19, 53 and 46% for bench press, military press, standing biceps curl, quadriceps extension and hamstring curl, respectively (p < 0.01), while the number of sit-ups performed in 1 minute increased 33% (p < 0.05). No signs or symptoms of ischemia or abnormal heart rate or blood pressure responses were observed during the strength training program. Thus, resistive training at 80% of maximum voluntary contraction appears to be both safe and efficacious in stable, aerobically trained cardiac patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)866-870
Number of pages5
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume64
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1989

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Coronary Artery Disease
Blood Pressure
Body Composition
Education
Heart Rate
Signs and Symptoms
Electrocardiography
Ischemia
Body Weight
Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Effects of high resistance training in coronary artery disease. / Crozier Ghilarducci, Linda E.; Holly, Robert G.; Amsterdam, Ezra A.

In: The American journal of cardiology, Vol. 64, No. 14, 15.10.1989, p. 866-870.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crozier Ghilarducci, Linda E. ; Holly, Robert G. ; Amsterdam, Ezra A. / Effects of high resistance training in coronary artery disease. In: The American journal of cardiology. 1989 ; Vol. 64, No. 14. pp. 866-870.
@article{6bae6ded2b1d4d138a35f04c23643cde,
title = "Effects of high resistance training in coronary artery disease",
abstract = "Resistive activities for cardiac patients have traditionally been discouraged. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a 30 min/day, 3 day/week, 10-week strength training program in 9 stable, aerobically trained, male cardiac patients. The strength training program comprised lifting 80{\%} of maximum voluntary contraction at 5 stations: quadriceps extension, bench press, standing biceps curl, hamstring curl and military press and performing 80{\%} of the maximum number of sit-ups in 1 minute. Maximum voluntary contraction for each lift and body composition via body weight, hydrostatic weighing, skinfolds and girths were determined before and after training. The electrocardiogram was monitored during all maximum voluntary contraction lifts and heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were monitored during all activities. The only change in measures of body composition was an 11{\%} increase in quadriceps girth (p < 0.05). Maximum voluntary contraction increased 17, 12, 19, 53 and 46{\%} for bench press, military press, standing biceps curl, quadriceps extension and hamstring curl, respectively (p < 0.01), while the number of sit-ups performed in 1 minute increased 33{\%} (p < 0.05). No signs or symptoms of ischemia or abnormal heart rate or blood pressure responses were observed during the strength training program. Thus, resistive training at 80{\%} of maximum voluntary contraction appears to be both safe and efficacious in stable, aerobically trained cardiac patients.",
author = "{Crozier Ghilarducci}, {Linda E.} and Holly, {Robert G.} and Amsterdam, {Ezra A}",
year = "1989",
month = "10",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/0002-9149(89)90833-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "64",
pages = "866--870",
journal = "American Journal of Cardiology",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "14",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of high resistance training in coronary artery disease

AU - Crozier Ghilarducci, Linda E.

AU - Holly, Robert G.

AU - Amsterdam, Ezra A

PY - 1989/10/15

Y1 - 1989/10/15

N2 - Resistive activities for cardiac patients have traditionally been discouraged. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a 30 min/day, 3 day/week, 10-week strength training program in 9 stable, aerobically trained, male cardiac patients. The strength training program comprised lifting 80% of maximum voluntary contraction at 5 stations: quadriceps extension, bench press, standing biceps curl, hamstring curl and military press and performing 80% of the maximum number of sit-ups in 1 minute. Maximum voluntary contraction for each lift and body composition via body weight, hydrostatic weighing, skinfolds and girths were determined before and after training. The electrocardiogram was monitored during all maximum voluntary contraction lifts and heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were monitored during all activities. The only change in measures of body composition was an 11% increase in quadriceps girth (p < 0.05). Maximum voluntary contraction increased 17, 12, 19, 53 and 46% for bench press, military press, standing biceps curl, quadriceps extension and hamstring curl, respectively (p < 0.01), while the number of sit-ups performed in 1 minute increased 33% (p < 0.05). No signs or symptoms of ischemia or abnormal heart rate or blood pressure responses were observed during the strength training program. Thus, resistive training at 80% of maximum voluntary contraction appears to be both safe and efficacious in stable, aerobically trained cardiac patients.

AB - Resistive activities for cardiac patients have traditionally been discouraged. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a 30 min/day, 3 day/week, 10-week strength training program in 9 stable, aerobically trained, male cardiac patients. The strength training program comprised lifting 80% of maximum voluntary contraction at 5 stations: quadriceps extension, bench press, standing biceps curl, hamstring curl and military press and performing 80% of the maximum number of sit-ups in 1 minute. Maximum voluntary contraction for each lift and body composition via body weight, hydrostatic weighing, skinfolds and girths were determined before and after training. The electrocardiogram was monitored during all maximum voluntary contraction lifts and heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were monitored during all activities. The only change in measures of body composition was an 11% increase in quadriceps girth (p < 0.05). Maximum voluntary contraction increased 17, 12, 19, 53 and 46% for bench press, military press, standing biceps curl, quadriceps extension and hamstring curl, respectively (p < 0.01), while the number of sit-ups performed in 1 minute increased 33% (p < 0.05). No signs or symptoms of ischemia or abnormal heart rate or blood pressure responses were observed during the strength training program. Thus, resistive training at 80% of maximum voluntary contraction appears to be both safe and efficacious in stable, aerobically trained cardiac patients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024455095&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024455095&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0002-9149(89)90833-3

DO - 10.1016/0002-9149(89)90833-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 2801553

AN - SCOPUS:0024455095

VL - 64

SP - 866

EP - 870

JO - American Journal of Cardiology

JF - American Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 14

ER -