Effects of gustatory nerve transection and/or ovariectomy on oral capsaicin avoidance in rats

Yves Boucher, Christopher T. Simons, Mirela Iodi Carstens, Earl Carstens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incidence of chronic oral pain such as burning mouth syndrome is greater in peri-menopausal females, and was postulated to be associated with gustatory nerve damage. We investigated whether bilateral transection of the chorda tympani, with or without accompanying ovariectomy, affected oral capsaicin avoidance in rats. Female rats had restricted access to 2 bottles, 1 bottle containing capsaicin (concentration range: 0.33-33 μM/L) and the other vehicle. Percent volume of capsaicin consumption and lick counts were measured. The concentration series was tested before and 0.5, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the following surgical procedures: (a) bilateral transection of the chorda tympani (CTx); (b) ovariectomy (OVx); (3) CTx plus OVx; or (4) sham CT surgery. Before surgery there was a concentration-dependent decrease in licks and volume of capsaicin consumed, with a threshold between 0.1 and 0.3 ppm. The majority of drink licks occurred during the first 9 minutes of access. Over the 12-month test period, the CTx group did not exhibit reduced capsaicin consumption, and consumed significantly more capsaicin at 6 and 9 months postsurgery. Rats in the OVx group consistently consumed significantly less capsaicin and exhibited significantly higher counts of capsaicin-evoked Fos-like immunoreactivity in the dorsomedial trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (Vc) compared to all other treatment groups. That CTx, with or without OVx, did not enhance capsaicin avoidance indicates that damage to the gustatory system does not disinhibit trigeminal nociceptive transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-820
Number of pages7
JournalPain
Volume155
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Capsaicin avoidance
  • Chorda tympani
  • Fos Expression
  • Hyperalgesia
  • Nucleus of solitary tract
  • Ovariectomy
  • Taste nerve
  • Trigeminal subnucleus caudalis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of gustatory nerve transection and/or ovariectomy on oral capsaicin avoidance in rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this