Effects of glycogen depletion on ischemic injury in isolated rat hearts: Insights into preconditioning

Saul Schaefer, L. J. Carr, E. Prussel, R. Ramasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Limitation of myocardial injury and infarction has been demonstrated by interventions such as ischemic preconditioning or the use of pyruvate as a substrate, which reduces glycogen content before, and acidosis during, ischemia. An isolated perfused rat heart model of global ischemia was employed to test the hypothesis that glycogen depletion reduces ischemic injury as measured by creatine kinase release. 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure high-energy phosphates (ATP and phosphocreatine), phosphomonoesters (PME), and intracellular pH. Compared with control glucose-perfused hearts with normal glycogen content (1.49 ± 0.13 mg Glc/g wet wt), glycogen-depleted pyruvate, ischemic preconditioned, and glycogen-depleted glucose hearts all had reduced glycogen content before ischemia (0.62 ± 0.16, 0.81 ± 0.10, and 0.67 ± 0.12 mg Glc/g wet wt, respectively; P = 0.003) and significantly higher pH at the end of ischemia (5.85 ± 0.02, 6.33 ± 0.06, 6.24 ± 0.04, and 6.12 ± 0.02 in control, glycogen-depleted pyruvate, preconditioned, and glycogen-depleted glucose- perfused hearts, respectively; P < 0.01), although acidification during the initial phase of ischemia was differentially affected by the three interventions. Glycogen-depleted pyruvate and preconditioned hearts had reduced PME accumulation, greater recovery of function and phosphocreatine, and lower creatine kinase release on reperfusion, whereas glycogen-depleted glucose-perfused hearts were similar to control hearts. In summary, glycogen depletion by these three methods limits the fall in pH during global ischemia, although glycogen depletion in the absence of preconditioning does not limit ischemic injury. Rather, interventions such as ischemic preconditioning or the use of pyruvate as a substrate appear to alter glycolytic flux, thus limiting the accumulation of glycolytic intermediates and reducing ischemic injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume268
Issue number3 37-3
StatePublished - 1995

Keywords

  • glycolysis
  • ischemia
  • ischemic preconditioning
  • myocardial metabolism
  • nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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