Effects of different hematocrit levels on glucose measurements with handheld meters for point-of-care testing

Z. Tang, J. H. Lee, R. F. Louie, Gerald J Kost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives. - To determine the effects of low, normal, and high hematocrit levels on glucose meter measurements and to assess the clinical risks of hematocrit errors. Design. - Changes in glucose measurements between low and high hematocrit levels were calculated to determine hematocrit effects. The differences between glucose measured with meters and with a plasma glucose method (YSI 2300) also were compared. Setting. - Six handheld glucose meters were assessed in vitro at low (19.1%), normal (38.5%), and high (58.3%) hematocrit levels, and at 6 glucose concentrations ranging from 2.06 mmol/L (37.1 mg/dL) to 30.24 mmol/L (544.7 mg/dL). Results. - Most systems, regardless of the reference to which they were calibrated, demonstrated positive bias at lower hematocrit levels and negative bias at higher hematocrit levels. Low, normal, and high hematocrit levels progressively lowered Precision G and Precision QID glucose measurements. Hematocrit effects on the other systems were more dependent on the glucose concentration. Overall, Accu-Chek Comfort Curve showed the least sensitivity to hematocrit changes, except at the lowest glucose concentration. Conclusions. - We strongly recommend that clinical professionals choose glucose systems carefully and interpret glucose measurements with extreme caution when the patient's hematocrit value changes, particularly if there is a simultaneous change in glucose level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1135-1140
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume124
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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