Effects of chirality in 9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine upon deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in herpes simplex virus-infected cells

Thomas W. North, Lorraine O'Connor, Thomas W. North, Lorraine O'Connor, Elie Abushanab, Raymond P. Panzica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The antiherpes activities of erythro- and threo-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenines (EHNA and THNA) have been determined. All isomers inhibited the replication of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and inhibited DNA synthesis in HSV-infected cells. The two enantiomers of EHNA, (+)-EHNA and (-)-ENHA, displayed equal antiviral activities. This is in contrast to their activities as inhibitors of adenosine deaminase (ADA); (+)-EHNA is a 250-fold more potent inhibitor of ADA than (-)-EHNA [Bessodes et al. Biochem. Pharmac. 31, 879 (1982)]. The antiherpes activity of (+)-THNA was only slightly less than that of the EHNA isomers, whereas (-)-THNA was somewhat less active. The abilities of the four isomeres of EHNA and THNA to inhibit DNA synthesis in HSV-infected cells correlated with their abilities to inhibit virus multiplication. EHNA failed to inhibit HSV DNA polymerase activity in extracts from infected cells. Moreover, addition of EHNA to infected cells at 6 hr post-infection resulted in no inhibition of DNA synthesis. These results are inconsistent with a direct inhibition of macromolecular DNA synthesis by EHNA. Treatment of HSV-infected cells with EHNA produced a 2- to 4-fold decrease in levels of the four DNA precursors, deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates (dNTPs). This treatment had much less effect on dNTP levels in uninfected cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3541-3546
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume32
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of chirality in 9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine upon deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis in herpes simplex virus-infected cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this