The protective effect of Kanzo-bushi-to (TJS-038) was investigated on the opportunistic infection of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV) in thermally injured mice (TI-Mice). We have previously reported that TI-Mice were approximately 100 times more susceptible to HSV infection than normal mice (N-Mice) and that CD8+ suppressor T (ST)-cells induced by burn injury were involved in causing this increased susceptibility of TI-Mice. Increased susceptibility of TI-Mice to the infection was reversed to the levels observed in N-Mice when TI-Mice were treated intraperitoneally with TJS-038 at a dose of 5 mg/kg 1 and 4 days after thermal injury. The activity of ST-cells was greatly decreased in TI-Mice treated with TJS-038. The generation of Vicia villosa lectin-adherent CD4+ CD28+ TCR-α/β+ contrasuppressor T (Contra-ST)-cells associated with the appearance of ST-cells was expanded and occurred earlier in spleens of TJS-038-treated TI-Mice as compared with that of untreated TI-Mice. The improved resistance of TJS-038-treated TI-Mice to the infection was transferred to untreated TI-Mice by adoptive transfer of Contra-ST-cells prepared from TJS-038-treated TI-Mice. These results suggest that TJS-038 may restore the resistance of TI-Mice to the HSV infection through the expanded generation of Contra-ST-cells.
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