Effects of a calmodulin inhibitor on bleomycin-induced lung inflammation in hamsters. Biochemical, morphometric, and bronchoalveolar lavage data

J. M. Nakashima, D. M. Hyde, S. N. Giri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis is accompanied by elevated levels of calcium and calmodulin, which are important in the regulation of many biologic processes. The authors have further extended these observations and assessed the effect of a calmodulin inhibitor, trifluoperazine, on bleomycin-induced lung damage with biochemical, morphometric, and bronchoalveolar lavage techniques. The cumulative mortality due to bleomycin was not significantly reduced in animals receiving trifluoperazine. Trifluoperazine had no apparent effect on lung levels of collagen and DNA elevated by bleomycin. However, morphometric studies showed that the volume density of the lesion, the volume of amorphous material and interstitial inflammation, and the number of monocytes within lesions were less in the lungs of bleomycin-treated hamsters receiving trifluoperazine daily. When compared with hamsters treated with bleomycin alone, animals treated with both bleomycin and trifluoperazine had significantly fewer lymphocytes in their bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. The data suggest that trifluoperazine reduced the acute inflammation which accompanies bleomycin pneumotoxicity but did not affect the subsequent development of pulmonary fibrosis. It has been postulated that the observed antiinflammatory action of trifluoperazine may be due to inhibition of calmodulin-dependent leukocyte functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-536
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume124
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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