Effects of 2-G exposure on temperature regulation, circadian rhythms, and adiposity in UCP2/3 transgenic mice

Patrick M. Fuller, Craig H Warden, Sean J. Barry, Charles A. Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Altered ambient force environments affect energy expenditure via changes in thermoregulation, metabolism, and body composition. Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) have been implicated as potential enhancers of energy expenditure and may participate in some of the adaptations to a hyperdynamic environment. To test this hypothesis, this study examined the homeostatic and circadian profiles of body temperature (T(b)) and activity and adiposity in wild-type and UCP2/3 transgenic mice exposed to 1 and 2 G. There were no significant differences between the groups in the means, amplitudes, or phases of T(b) and activity rhythms at either the 1- or 2-G level. Percent body fat was significantly lower in transgenic (5.2 ± 0.2%) relative to the wild-type mice (6.2 ± 0.1%) after 2-G exposure; mass-adjusted mesenteric and epididymal fat pads in transgenic mice were also significantly lower (P < 0.05). The data suggest that 1) the actions of two UCPs (UCP2 and UCP3) do not contribute to an altered energy balance at 2 G, although 2) UCP2 and UCP3 do contribute to the utilization of lipids as a fuel substrate at 2 G.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1491-1498
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume89
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Energy expenditure
  • Hyperdynamic
  • Lipids
  • Thermogenesis
  • Uncoupling proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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