Effective lifestyle interventions to improve type II diabetes self-management for those with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder: A systematic review

Adriana Cimo, Erene Stergiopoulos, Chiachen Cheng, Sarah Bonato, Carolyn S Dewa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of type II diabetes among individuals suffering from schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders is more than double that of the general population. By 2005, North American professional medical associations of Psychiatry, Diabetes, and Endocrinology responded by recommending continuous metabolic monitoring for this population to control complications from obesity and diabetes. However, these recommendations do not identify the types of effective treatment for people with schizophrenia who have type II diabetes. To fill this gap, this systematic evidence review identifies effective lifestyle interventions that enhance quality care in individuals who are suffering from type II diabetes and schizophrenia or other schizoaffective disorders.Methods: A systematic search from Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and ISI Web of Science was conducted. Of the 1810 unique papers that were retrieved, four met the inclusion/exclusion criteria and were analyzed.Results: The results indicate that diabetes education is effective when it incorporates diet and exercise components, while using a design that addresses challenges such as cognition, motivation, and weight gain that may result from antipsychotics.Conclusions: This paper begins to point to effective interventions that will improve type II diabetes management for people with schizophrenia or other schizoaffective disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Self Care
Psychotic Disorders
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Life Style
Schizophrenia
Population Control
Quality of Health Care
Endocrinology
American Medical Association
Diabetes Complications
Cognition
Antipsychotic Agents
Weight Gain
Psychiatry
Motivation
Obesity
Diet
Education
Population
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Effective lifestyle interventions to improve type II diabetes self-management for those with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder : A systematic review. / Cimo, Adriana; Stergiopoulos, Erene; Cheng, Chiachen; Bonato, Sarah; Dewa, Carolyn S.

In: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 12, 24, 23.03.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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