Effective atomic number and electron density as measured with a computed tomography scanner: computation and correlation with brain tumor histology

Richard E Latchaw, J. R. Payne, L. H A Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


The mathematical basis and methodology for determining the effective atomic number and electron density of a tissue are presented. Cranial computed tomography (CT) scanning is performed at two different energy levels, both with and without contrast enhancement. The histology of 15 brain tumors has been correlated with the effective atomic number and electron density of the tumor, with parameters of the linear attenuation coefficient, and with statistical values of the CT numbers. The most useful value in separating gliomas from meningiomas from metastases appears to be the percentage change of effective atomic number following contrast enhancement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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