Effect of voxel size in CT simulations

Andrew L. Goertzen, Freek J. Beekman, Simon R Cherry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In computer simulations of X-ray CT systems one can either use continuous geometrical descriptions for phantoms or a voxelized representation. The voxelized approach allows arbitrary phantoms to be defined without being confined to geometrical shapes. The disadvantage of the voxelized approach is that inherent errors are introduced due to the phantom voxelization. To study effects of phantom discretization, analytical CT simulations were run for a fan-beam geometry with phantom voxel sizes ranging from 0.0625 to 2 times the reconstructed pixel size and noise levels corresponding to 103 to 103 photons per detector pixel prior to attenuation. Differences in the filtered back-projection (FBP) images caused by different phantom matrix sizes were assessed by calculating the difference between reconstructions based on the finest matrix and coarser matrix simulations. In noise free simulations, all phantom matrix sizes produced a measurable difference from the almost continuous case. When even a small amount of noise was added to the projection data, the differences due to the phantom discretization were masked by the noise, and in all cases there was almost no improvement by using a phantom matrix that was more than twice as fine as the reconstruction matrix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference
EditorsD. Merelli, J. Surget, M. Ulma
Volume3
StatePublished - 2000
Event2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record - Lyon, France
Duration: Oct 15 2000Oct 20 2000

Other

Other2000 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period10/15/0010/20/00

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Goertzen, A. L., Beekman, F. J., & Cherry, S. R. (2000). Effect of voxel size in CT simulations. In D. Merelli, J. Surget, & M. Ulma (Eds.), IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (Vol. 3)