Effect of transforming growth factor-beta on plasminogen activator production of cultured human uveal melanoma cells

Susanna Soon Chun Park, Ling Li, Tommy S. Korn, Monalisa M. Mitra, Jerry Y. Niederkorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. Human uveal melanoma cells have been shown to produce plasminogen activator (PA), an enzyme which can enhance tumor metastasis by promoting degradation of extracellular matrix. This study used cultured human uveal melanoma cells to determine whether the PA production of uveal melanoma cells could be modulated by transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2), a mitogen present in the uvea. Methods. Five different cell lines of human uveal melanoma of differing cellular morphology (2 spindle, 2 epithelioid, 1 mixed) derived from tumors from different locations in the eye (3 choroidal, 1 ciliochoroidal, 1 orbital) were grown in serum free media, in the presence or absence of TGF-beta2 (1 ng/ml to 100 ng/ml). After 24 hrs, the conditioned media were collected and quantitated for PA activity by measuring the radial diffusion in fibrin-agarose clot and for total PA concentration using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Results. Among the cell lines studied, all produced PA. Cell lines derived from intraocular tumors secreted tissue-type PA (tPA), and TGF-beta2 stimulated tPA activity and secretion of cell lines containing epithelioid cells but had no effect on spindle cells. In contrast, tumor cells isolated from an orbital tumor secreted urokinase (uPA), activity and secretion of which was inhibited by TGF-beta2. Conclusions. We conclude that cultured human uveal melanoma cells produce either tPA or uPA, and TGF-beta2 can have a variable effect on PA production of these cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-763
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Volume15
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Plasminogen Activators
Transforming Growth Factor beta2
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Cell Line
Neoplasms
Enzyme Activators
Uvea
Epithelioid Cells
Serum-Free Culture Media
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Conditioned Culture Medium
Uveal melanoma
Fibrin
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Mitogens
Sepharose
Extracellular Matrix
Neoplasm Metastasis

Keywords

  • Growth factors
  • Human
  • Melanoma
  • Plasminogen activator
  • Transforming growth factor-beta
  • Urokinase
  • Uveal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

Cite this

Effect of transforming growth factor-beta on plasminogen activator production of cultured human uveal melanoma cells. / Park, Susanna Soon Chun; Li, Ling; Korn, Tommy S.; Mitra, Monalisa M.; Niederkorn, Jerry Y.

In: Current Eye Research, Vol. 15, No. 7, 1996, p. 755-763.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Park, Susanna Soon Chun ; Li, Ling ; Korn, Tommy S. ; Mitra, Monalisa M. ; Niederkorn, Jerry Y. / Effect of transforming growth factor-beta on plasminogen activator production of cultured human uveal melanoma cells. In: Current Eye Research. 1996 ; Vol. 15, No. 7. pp. 755-763.
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AU - Niederkorn, Jerry Y.

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N2 - Purpose. Human uveal melanoma cells have been shown to produce plasminogen activator (PA), an enzyme which can enhance tumor metastasis by promoting degradation of extracellular matrix. This study used cultured human uveal melanoma cells to determine whether the PA production of uveal melanoma cells could be modulated by transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2), a mitogen present in the uvea. Methods. Five different cell lines of human uveal melanoma of differing cellular morphology (2 spindle, 2 epithelioid, 1 mixed) derived from tumors from different locations in the eye (3 choroidal, 1 ciliochoroidal, 1 orbital) were grown in serum free media, in the presence or absence of TGF-beta2 (1 ng/ml to 100 ng/ml). After 24 hrs, the conditioned media were collected and quantitated for PA activity by measuring the radial diffusion in fibrin-agarose clot and for total PA concentration using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Results. Among the cell lines studied, all produced PA. Cell lines derived from intraocular tumors secreted tissue-type PA (tPA), and TGF-beta2 stimulated tPA activity and secretion of cell lines containing epithelioid cells but had no effect on spindle cells. In contrast, tumor cells isolated from an orbital tumor secreted urokinase (uPA), activity and secretion of which was inhibited by TGF-beta2. Conclusions. We conclude that cultured human uveal melanoma cells produce either tPA or uPA, and TGF-beta2 can have a variable effect on PA production of these cells.

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