Effect of time and storage temperature on cholinesterase activity in blood from normal and organophosphorus insecticide-treated horses.

K. H. Plumlee, E. R. Richardson, Ian Gardner, F. D. Galey

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Abstract

Delays between time of sampling and time of testing are common; therefore, the length of time that blood can be stored at various temperatures was evaluated for effects on cholinesterase activity. Six horses were treated with 16 g of trichlorfon per os, 6 horses were treated with 15 g of dichlorvos per os, and 10 horses were untreated controls. The cholinesterase activity in whole blood from each horse was measured using an adaptation of the Ellman colorimetric method. The blood from each horse was then divided into 3 groups and stored at 5 C (refrigerated), 20 C (room temperature), or 38 C (incubated). Subsequent cholinesterase activities were measured daily and then at weekly intervals. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or were measured daily and then at weekly intervals. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or decrease (P > 0.05) in the blood from the untreated horses until after 1 week for any of the 3 temperature groups. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or decrease (P > 0.05) in the stored blood from the trichlorfon-treated horses for 4 weeks in all 3 temperature groups. The cholinesterase activities significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the stored blood from the dichlorvos-treated horses after 1 week when the blood was refrigerated and by 24 hours when the blood was stored at room temperature or incubated. Therefore, blood from normal or organophosphate-treated horses can be used for cholinesterase evaluation for up to 1 week when stored at 5 C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-249
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
Volume6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 1994

Fingerprint

organophosphorus insecticides
cholinesterase
Cholinesterases
Insecticides
storage temperature
Horses
horses
Temperature
blood
Trichlorfon
Dichlorvos
trichlorfon
dichlorvos
ambient temperature
temperature
Organophosphates
organophosphorus compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effect of time and storage temperature on cholinesterase activity in blood from normal and organophosphorus insecticide-treated horses.",
abstract = "Delays between time of sampling and time of testing are common; therefore, the length of time that blood can be stored at various temperatures was evaluated for effects on cholinesterase activity. Six horses were treated with 16 g of trichlorfon per os, 6 horses were treated with 15 g of dichlorvos per os, and 10 horses were untreated controls. The cholinesterase activity in whole blood from each horse was measured using an adaptation of the Ellman colorimetric method. The blood from each horse was then divided into 3 groups and stored at 5 C (refrigerated), 20 C (room temperature), or 38 C (incubated). Subsequent cholinesterase activities were measured daily and then at weekly intervals. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or were measured daily and then at weekly intervals. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or decrease (P > 0.05) in the blood from the untreated horses until after 1 week for any of the 3 temperature groups. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or decrease (P > 0.05) in the stored blood from the trichlorfon-treated horses for 4 weeks in all 3 temperature groups. The cholinesterase activities significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the stored blood from the dichlorvos-treated horses after 1 week when the blood was refrigerated and by 24 hours when the blood was stored at room temperature or incubated. Therefore, blood from normal or organophosphate-treated horses can be used for cholinesterase evaluation for up to 1 week when stored at 5 C.",
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AU - Galey, F. D.

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N2 - Delays between time of sampling and time of testing are common; therefore, the length of time that blood can be stored at various temperatures was evaluated for effects on cholinesterase activity. Six horses were treated with 16 g of trichlorfon per os, 6 horses were treated with 15 g of dichlorvos per os, and 10 horses were untreated controls. The cholinesterase activity in whole blood from each horse was measured using an adaptation of the Ellman colorimetric method. The blood from each horse was then divided into 3 groups and stored at 5 C (refrigerated), 20 C (room temperature), or 38 C (incubated). Subsequent cholinesterase activities were measured daily and then at weekly intervals. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or were measured daily and then at weekly intervals. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or decrease (P > 0.05) in the blood from the untreated horses until after 1 week for any of the 3 temperature groups. The cholinesterase activities did not significantly increase or decrease (P > 0.05) in the stored blood from the trichlorfon-treated horses for 4 weeks in all 3 temperature groups. The cholinesterase activities significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the stored blood from the dichlorvos-treated horses after 1 week when the blood was refrigerated and by 24 hours when the blood was stored at room temperature or incubated. Therefore, blood from normal or organophosphate-treated horses can be used for cholinesterase evaluation for up to 1 week when stored at 5 C.

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