Balloon distention of the left pulmonary artery (PA) was produced in 14 lambs (aged 1 to 3 days) to assess whether an increase in systemic vascular resistance results from such distention. The lambs were anesthetized with chloralose and instrumented to enable measurement of systemic blood flow, PA pressure, aortic pressure, heart rate and right atrial pressure. PA distention resulted in an increase in systemic vascular resistance and aortic pressure (p <0.05). This result was probably due to a systemic vasoconstrictor response, since systemic blood flow and right atrial pressure did not change significantly. Limited trials using autonomic blocking agents suggested that the response is either a reflex under autonomic control or a response to humoral release of α-adrenergic substances. In conclusion, some interdependence appears to exist between the systemic and pulmonary vascular beds. It is postulated that such changes may be important in fetal life when they may affect redistribution of cardiac output during adaptation to hypoxemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine