Effect of prostaglandin F2 alpha-induced luteolysis on in vivo and in vitro progesterone production by individual placentomes of cows.

Alan J Conley, S. P. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated placental progesterone production by bovine placentomes. Catheters were placed in the femoral artery (FA) and in the caruncular artery (CA), caruncular vein (CV) and lymphatic vessel of a prominent placentome of 13 cows at 200 d of gestation. Four of the 13 cows were given prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) after surgery, and blood and lymph were collected for progesterone determination. After 24 h, progesterone was higher (P less than .01) in FA and CA plasma from control cows that FA and CA plasma from PGF2 alpha-treated cows (5.11 +/- .29 and 5.17 +/- .64 vs 1.41 +/- .08 and 1.15 +/- .08 ng/ml, respectively), but CV concentrations were similar (3.38 +/- .30 vs 2.56 +/- .24, respectively). There was a net uptake of progesterone by placentomes from control cows (P less than .01) but a net secretion in PGF2 alpha-treated cows (P less than .05). Lymph contained low progesterone concentrations regardless of treatment. Cows were slaughtered at 240 d of gestation. Placentomes were removed and perfused with pregnenolone through the maternal and fetal arteries. Fetal venous effluent contained more progesterone than maternal venous effluent (P less than .001) in both groups, and fetal venous effluent of placentomes from PGF2 alpha-treated cows contained more progesterone than that from control cows (P less than .05). Maternal and fetal components of other placentomes were cultured alone or in co-culture along with pregnenolone and (or) epostane. Fetal tissue produced more progesterone (P less than .001) than maternal tissue when each was cultured alone, but fetal tissue production declined when co-cultured with maternal tissue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-507
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume65
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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