Effect of n-3 fatty acids on the key enzymes involved in cholesterol and triglyceride turnover in rat liver

Ayman Al-Shurbaji, Carin Larsson-Backström, Lars Berglund, Gösta Eggertsen, Ingemar Bjökhem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of long-chain n-3 fatty acids on hepatic key enzymes of cholesterol metabolism and triglyceride biosynthesis was investigated in two rat models. In the first model, rats were intravenously infused for two weeks with a fat emulsion containing 20% of triglycerides in which either n-6 or n-3 fatty acids predominated. The treatment with n-3 fatty acids led to a reduction primarily of serum cholesterol (45%), but also of serum triglycerides (18%). HMG-CoA reductase activity and cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity were reduced by 45% and 36%, respectively. There were no significant effects on diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) or phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (PAP) activities. In the second model, rats were fed a diet enriched with sucrose, coconut oil and either sunflower oil (n-6 fatty acids) or fish oil (long-chain n-3 fatty acid ethyl esters). The treatment with n-3 fatty acids decreased serum triglycerides (41%) and, to a lesser extent, serum cholesterol (17%). Neither glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) or DGAT were affected by n-3 fatty acids. In contrast, PAP activity was reduced by 26%. HMG-CoA reductase was not significantly affected, whereas cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activity was reduced by 36%. The results indicate that part of the TG-lowering effect of long-chain n-3 fatty acids may be mediated by inhibition of the soluble phosphatidate phosphohydrolase. The effect on serum cholesterol may be partly due to inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-389
Number of pages5
JournalLipids
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Food Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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