The concentrations of total protein, albumin and retinol-binding protein, a major transport protein for vitamin A, are significantly decreased by protein-calorie malnutrition. Weight-loss diets, sometimes involving severe energy deficits over prolonged periods of time, are common in the United States. The effect, if any, of prolonged low calorie weight-loss diets with normal intakes of protein on albumin, total protein and retinol-binding protein concentrations (and potentially on vitamin A metabolism) had not been extensively studied. We measured total protein, albumin, apo + holo retinol-binding protein and holo-free- and holo-transthyretin-bound retinol-binding protein concentrations during the course of a nutritionally adequate weight-loss diet (50% calorie restriction). We found that this type of dieting did not affect total protein, albumin or apo + holo, holo-free or holo-transthretin-bound retinol-binding protein concentrations significantly. This suggests that protein intake is more critical than caloric intake for retinol-binding protein status.
- calorie restriction
- retinol-binding protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism