Effect of intravitreal dexamethasone in treatment of pneumococcal endophthalmitis in rabbits

Susanna Soon Chun Park, N. Samiy, K. Ruoff, D. J. D'Amico, A. S. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate whether corticosteroid therapy would decrease the inflammation and tissue damage associated with pneumococcal endophthalmitis. Methods: Albino rabbits were injected intravitreally with 1000 live organisms of Streptococcus pneumoniae and randomized after 24 hours to treatment with intravitreal vancomycin hydrochloride alone (n=10), combination intravitreal vancomycin and intravitreal dexamethasone (n=10), or no treatment (n=10). After 2 weeks, the eyes were examined clinically and enucleated for histopathologic examination. Results: Eyes treated with vancomycin and dexamethasone had significantly less intraocular inflammation and more preservation of retinal tissue than untreated eyes or eyes treated with vancomycin alone (P<.05, Fisher's exact test). Untreated and vancomycin- treated eyes were indistinguishable on clinical and histologic examination. Marked anterior and posterior segment inflammation with total retinal necrosis was noted in eyes from both groups. Conclusion: Intravitreal corticosteroid therapy may play an important role in minimizing the inflammation and tissue damage associated with pneumococcal endophthalmitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1324-1329
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume113
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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