Effect of intravenous lidocaine on serum interleukin-17 after video-assisted thoracic surgery for non-small-cell lung cancer: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Yong Heng Hou, Wen Cheng Shi, Shu Cai, Hong Liu, Zhong Zheng, Fu Wei Qi, Chang Li, Xiao Mei Feng, Ke Peng, Fu Hai Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Surgical stress promotes tumor metastasis. Interleukin (IL)-17 plays a pivotal role in cancer progression, and high IL-17 expression predicts poor prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Lidocaine may exert tumor-inhibiting effects. We hypothesize that intravenous lidocaine attenuates surgical stress and reduces serum IL-17 levels during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for NSCLC. Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial included 60 early-stage NSCLC patients undergoing VATS, into a lidocaine group (n = 30; intravenous lidocaine bolus 1.0 mg/kg, and 1.0 mg/kg/h until the end of surgery) or a normal saline control group (n = 30). The primary outcome was serum IL-17 level at 24 hours postoperatively. The secondary outcomes included serum IL-17 level at the time of post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) discharge, serum cortisol level at PACU discharge and postoperative 24 hours, pain scores (0–10) from PACU discharge to 48 hours postoperatively, incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting, dizziness, and arrhythmia during 0–48 hours postoperatively, and 30-day mortality. Long-term outcomes included chemotherapy, cancer recurrence, and mortality. Results: The lidocaine group had lower serum IL-17 at 24 hours postoperatively compared with the control group (23.0 ± 5.8 pg/mL vs 27.3 ± 8.2 pg/mL, difference [95% CI] = −4.3 [−8.4 to −0.2] pg/mL; P = 0.038). The lidocaine group also had reduced serum IL-17 (difference [95% CI] = −4.6 [−8.7 to −0.5] pg/mL), serum cortisol (difference [95% CI] = −37 [−73 to −2] ng/mL), and pain scores (difference [95% CI] = −0.7 [−1.3 to −0.1] points) at PACU discharge. During a median follow-up of 10 (IQR, 9–13) months, 2 patients in the lidocaine group and 6 patients in the control group received chemotherapy, one patient in the control group had cancer recurrence, and no death event occurred. Conclusion: Intravenous lidocaine was associated with reduced serum IL-17 and cortisol following VATS procedures in early-stage NSCLC patients. Trial Registration: ChiCTR2000030629.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3379-3390
Number of pages12
JournalDrug Design, Development and Therapy
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Interleukin-17
  • Lidocaine
  • Non-small-cell lung cancer
  • Surgical stress
  • Video-assisted thoracic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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