Effect of GnRH administered at the time of artificial insemination for cows detected in estrus by conventional estrus detection or an automated activity-monitoring system

A. M. Hubner, I. F. Canisso, P. M. Peixoto, A. J. Conley, F. S. Lima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of GnRH at the time of artificial insemination (AI) on ovulation, progesterone 7 d post-AI, and pregnancy in cows detected in estrus using traditional methods (tail chalk removal and mount acceptance visualization) or an automated activity-monitoring (AAM) system. We hypothesized that administration of GnRH at the time of AI would increase ovulation rate, plasma progesterone post-AI, and pregnancy per AI (P/AI) in cows detected in estrus. In experiment 1, Holstein cows (n = 398) were blocked by parity and randomly assigned to receive an injection of GnRH at the time of estrus detection/AI (GnRH, n = 197) or to remain untreated (control, n = 201) on 4 farms. The GnRH was administered as 100 µg of gonadorelin acetate. Ovarian structures and plasma progesterone were assessed in a subset of cows (GnRH, n = 52; control, n = 55) in experiment 1 at the time of AI and 7 d later. In experiment 2, a group of 409 cows in an AAM farm were enrolled as described for experiment 1 (GnRH, n = 207; control, n = 202). Data were categorized for parity (primiparous vs. multiparous), season (cool vs. warm), number of services (first vs. > first), DIM (>150 DIM vs. ≤150 DIM), and for AAM cows in experiment 2 for activity level (high: 90–100 index vs. low: 35–89 index). Pregnancy diagnosis was performed between 32 and 45 d post-AI (P1) and 60 to 115 d post-AI (P2). In experiment 1, there was no difference in plasma progesterone at day of estrus detection (control = 0.09 ng/mL vs. GnRH = 0.16 ng/mL), 7 d later (control = 2.03 ng/mL vs. GnRH = 2.18 ng/mL), and ovulation rate (GnRH = 83.2% vs. control = 77.9%) between treatments. There were no effects of GnRH in experiment 1 for P/AI at P1 (control = 43.3% vs. GnRH = 38.6%), P2 (control = 38.4% vs. GnRH = 34.5%), and for pregnancy loss (control = 9.8% vs. GnRH = 8.2%). In experiment 2, there were no effects of GnRH for P/AI at P1 (control = 39.6% vs. GnRH = 40.1%), P2 (control = 35.0% vs. GnRH = 37.4%), and for pregnancy loss (control = 9.5% vs. GnRH = 6.2%). There was a tendency for a parity effect on P/AI for P1, but not P2 or for pregnancy loss. High-activity cows had greater P/AI in P1 (low activity = 27.9% vs. high activity = 44.1%), P2 (low activity = 21.8% vs. high activity = 41.2%), and lower pregnancy loss (low activity = 20.7% vs. high activity = 5.1%), but there were no interactions between treatment and activity level. The current study did not support the use of GnRH at estrus detection to improve ovulatory response, progesterone 1 wk post-AI, and P/AI. More research is needed to investigate the relationship between GnRH at the time of AI and activity level in herds using AAM systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • activity monitor
  • estradiol
  • estrus detection
  • GnRH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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