Effect of excess dietary methionine on weight gain and plasma amino acids in kittens

D. Fau, K. A. Smalley, James Morris, Quinton Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four groups of five kittens each were individually fed for 6 wk either a purified control diet containing 0.5% methionine (Met) (based on 18% casein supplemented with arginine, cystine and threonine) or one of three experimental diets containing an additional 2, 3 or 4% L-Met. The diets with added Met caused a reduction in food intake (FI) on the second day and a negative body weight gain (BWG), in proportion to the level of added Met. After 10 d, kittens fed the 2 and 3% Met diets increased their FI and had positive BWG. During the last 10 d of the experiment, the control, 2% Met and 3% Met groups had BWG of 28, 15 and 0 g/d, respectively. Kittens given the 4% Met diet showed no adaptation and continued to lose weight. In these kittens plasma concentration of Met was 50-70 times and cystathionine about three times greater than in control kittens. Four male kittens were fed the same 4% Met diet for 6 wk and then switched to a diet containing 4% L-Met plus 4% glycine (Gly) for 12 d. Average daily FI was 21.4 ± 1.3 g with 4% Met and 48.5 ± 2.5 g after the addition of Gly, and BWG went from negative to positive. These results indicate that growing kittens are more sensitive than rats to excess Met and have a limited adaptive capacity. Kittens did not grow normally when the diet contained 2% or more dietary Met, which was equivalent to 0.6 g Met (kg body wt·d).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1838-1843
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume117
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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