Effect of dose on house finch infection with western equine encephalomyelitis and St. Louis encephalitis viruses

William Reisen, Robert Chiles, Vincent Martinez, Ying Fang, Emily Green, Sharon Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

House finches, Carpodacus mexicanus, were experimentally infected with high and standard doses of western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEEV) or St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) to determine whether high doses would produce an elevated viremia response and a high frequency of chronic infections. Finches inoculated with ≈100,000 plaque forming units (PFU) of WEEV or SLEV produced viremia and antibody responses similar to those in finches inoculated with ≈100 PFU of WEEV or 1000 PFU of SLEV, the approximate quantities of virus expectorated by blood-feeding Culex tarsalis Coquillett. Infected finches were held through winter and then necropsied. Only one finch inoculated with the high dose of SLEV developed a chronic infection. Our data indicated that elevated infectious doses of virus may not increase the viremia level or the frequency of chronic infection in house finches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)978-981
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Chronic infections
  • House finches
  • Overwintering
  • St. Louis encephalitis
  • Western equine encephalomyelitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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