We have investigated the effects of humidity, tip speed, and dwell time on feature size during dip pen nanolithography. Our results indicate a transition between two distinct deposition regimes occurs at a dwell time independent of humidity. While feature size increases with humidity, the relative increase is independent of dwell time. The results are described by a model that accounts for detachment and reattachment at the tip. The model suggests that, at short dwell times (high speed), the most important parameter controlling the feature size is the activation energy for thiol detachment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)