Effect of dietary insoluble fiber on control of glycemia in dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus

Richard W Nelson, Cindy A. Duesberg, Sara L. Ford, Edward C Feldman, Deborah J. Davenport, Christine Kiernan, Larry Neal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective - To evaluate the effect of a high insoluble-fiber (HF) diet containing 12% cellulose in dry matter and a low insoluble-fiber (LF) diet on control of glycemia in dogs with naturally acquired insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Design - Prospective randomized crossover controlled trial. Animals - 11 dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus. Procedure - Dogs were fed HF and LF diets for 8 months each in 1 of 2 randomly assigned diet sequences. Caloric intake and insulin treatment were adjusted as needed to maintain stable body weight and control of glycemia, respectively. After a 2-month adaptation period, control of glycemia was evaluated every 6 weeks for 6 months. Variables assessed included serum glucose concentration measured during the preprandial state, blood glycosylated hemoglobin concentration, serum glucose concentration measured every 2 hours for 24 hours beginning at the time of the morning insulin injection, 24-hour mean serum glucose concentration, mean serum glucose concentration fluctuation from the 24-hour mean serum glucose concentration, and 24-hour urinary excretion of glucose. Results - Significant differences in mean daily caloric intake, body weight, or daily insulin dosage among dogs fed HF and LF diets were not found. Mean preprandial serum glucose concentration, most postprandial serum glucose concentrations, 24-hour mean serum glucose concentration, and 24-hour urinary excretion of glucose were significantly lower in dogs fed the HF diet, compared with the LF diet. Clinical Implications - Results of this study support feeding of commercially available insoluble fiber diets to dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-386
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume212
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 1998

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insoluble fiber
Dietary Fiber
diabetes mellitus
blood glucose
Diabetes Mellitus
blood serum
Dogs
Glucose
glucose
dogs
Diet
Serum
diet
insulin
Insulin
Energy Intake
energy intake
excretion
Body Weight
body weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Effect of dietary insoluble fiber on control of glycemia in dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus. / Nelson, Richard W; Duesberg, Cindy A.; Ford, Sara L.; Feldman, Edward C; Davenport, Deborah J.; Kiernan, Christine; Neal, Larry.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 212, No. 3, 01.02.1998, p. 380-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nelson, Richard W ; Duesberg, Cindy A. ; Ford, Sara L. ; Feldman, Edward C ; Davenport, Deborah J. ; Kiernan, Christine ; Neal, Larry. / Effect of dietary insoluble fiber on control of glycemia in dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus. In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 1998 ; Vol. 212, No. 3. pp. 380-386.
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abstract = "Objective - To evaluate the effect of a high insoluble-fiber (HF) diet containing 12{\%} cellulose in dry matter and a low insoluble-fiber (LF) diet on control of glycemia in dogs with naturally acquired insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Design - Prospective randomized crossover controlled trial. Animals - 11 dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus. Procedure - Dogs were fed HF and LF diets for 8 months each in 1 of 2 randomly assigned diet sequences. Caloric intake and insulin treatment were adjusted as needed to maintain stable body weight and control of glycemia, respectively. After a 2-month adaptation period, control of glycemia was evaluated every 6 weeks for 6 months. Variables assessed included serum glucose concentration measured during the preprandial state, blood glycosylated hemoglobin concentration, serum glucose concentration measured every 2 hours for 24 hours beginning at the time of the morning insulin injection, 24-hour mean serum glucose concentration, mean serum glucose concentration fluctuation from the 24-hour mean serum glucose concentration, and 24-hour urinary excretion of glucose. Results - Significant differences in mean daily caloric intake, body weight, or daily insulin dosage among dogs fed HF and LF diets were not found. Mean preprandial serum glucose concentration, most postprandial serum glucose concentrations, 24-hour mean serum glucose concentration, and 24-hour urinary excretion of glucose were significantly lower in dogs fed the HF diet, compared with the LF diet. Clinical Implications - Results of this study support feeding of commercially available insoluble fiber diets to dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus.",
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