Children with chronic renal failure (CRF) are often growth retarded, and abnormalities of the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in CRF may contribute to this poor growth. Despite normal IGF levels in CRF serum, IGF bioactivity is low due to excess IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the 35-kDa serum fractions. Levels of IGFBP-1, -2, -4 and -6, and a 29-kDa IGFBP-3 fragment, are high in CRF serum, and levels of intact IGFBP-1 and -2 correlate negatively with height. IGFBP-1 levels may be high due to insulin resistance, suggesting that the FKHR family of transcription factors may play a role in the overexpression of IGFBP-1, and other growth inhibitors, in CRF. GH-treated CRF children show catch-up growth that correlates positively with a rise in each component of the 150-kDa serum ternary complex (IGF-I or -II/IGFBP-3 or -5/acid-labile subunit); IGFBP-1, -2 and -6 levels do not rise, but serum IGF bioactivity does. Thus, GH increases levels of IGFs and ternary complexes in CRF serum. It is likely that increased IGFs contribute to catch-up growth by overcoming the inhibitory effects of excess IGFBPs present in the CRF milieu.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2000|
- Growth hormone
- Insulin-like growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health