Effect of an oral probiotic nutraceutical containing Aspergillus-derived ingredients on a serum and urine galactomannan antigen assay in dogs

K. L. Reagan, L. J. Wheat, J. E. Sykes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A commercial Aspergillus galactomannan antigen (GMA) enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is used to support a diagnosis of systemic aspergillosis in dogs. In human patients, false positive results have been associated with administration of medications derived from molds. We sought to determine the effect of administration of a commercially available oral probiotic nutraceutical that contained Aspergillus-derived ingredients on serum and urine Aspergillus GMA levels in dogs by conducting a prospective, cross-over study. Galactomannan index (GMI) was measured on the solubilized probiotic nutraceutical and was positive (GMI ≥ 0.5) with a mean of 7.91. Serum and urine galactomannan indices were measured in 10 healthy dogs before (day 0) and after 1 week (day 7) of probiotic nutraceutical administration, then again 2 weeks after the probiotic nutraceutical was discontinued (day 21). Median (range) serum GMI were 0.19 (0.08–0.62), 0.22 (0.07–1.15) and 0.17 (0.14–0.63) at day 0, 7 and 21, respectively. Two of 10 dogs developed positive GMI (≥0.5) results after probiotic nutraceutical administration; however, no significant changes were noted over the study period. Median (range) urine GMI results were 0.06 (0.04–0.22), 0.07 (0.05–0.41) and 0.06 (0.03–0.16) at day 0, 7 and 21, respectively. A trend towards an increase urine GMI was noted between day 0 and 7 (P = 0.18), and decrease was noted between day 7 and 21 (P = 0.09). Administration of probiotics containing Aspergillus-derived ingredients to dogs did not reliably result in elevated Aspergillus GMA levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105551
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume265
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Aspergillosis
  • Canine
  • Fungal
  • Infectious
  • Veterinary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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