Effect of an injectable trace mineral supplement containing selenium, copper, zinc, and manganese on the health and production of lactating Holstein cows

V. S. Machado, M. L S Bicalho, Richard Van Vleck Pereira, L. S. Caixeta, W. A. Knauer, G. Oikonomou, R. O. Gilbert, R. C. Bicalho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a subcutaneous injection of a multimineral preparation containing 300. mg of zinc, 50. mg of manganese, 25. mg of selenium, and 75. mg of copper at 230 and 260. days of gestation and 35. days postpartum, on the health, milk production and reproductive performance of lactating Holstein cows. A randomized field trial was conducted on three large commercial dairy farms located near Ithaca, New York, USA, with 1416 cows enrolled. All cows were housed and offered a total mixed ration consisting of approximately 55% forage and 45% concentrate on a dry matter basis of the diet, which supplied 2-6 times the NRC requirements for the supplemented elements. Dry cows and pregnant heifers were blocked by parity and randomly allocated to one of two treatments: Trace mineral supplemented (TMS) or control. For multiparous cows, subcutaneous TMS significantly decreased linear somatic cell count scores (normalized data) as compared to control cows. The incidence of subclinical mastitis for TMS and control cows was 10.4% and 8.0%, respectively (P= 0.005). The main effect of treatment on clinical mastitis was not significant but the interaction of treatment and parity was significant. For primiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis was 11.8% and 15.6% for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.33); for multiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis for control and TMS cows was 25.4% and 19.7%, respectively (P= 0.03). Additionally, control cows had increased odds of stillbirth and endometritis (odds ratios 1.69 and 1.30, respectively). The incidence of endometritis was 34.2% and 28.6% for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.039) but treatment had no effect on reproductive performance, milk production or other health traits. Further research is required to confirm these findings and to establish whether the response seen in this study was related to the supplementation of a particular mineral.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-456
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume197
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Trace Elements
Manganese
Selenium
selenium
manganese
trace elements
Zinc
Copper
Holstein
Mastitis
copper
zinc
cows
Injections
Health
Endometritis
Incidence
Parity
mastitis
Milk

Keywords

  • Dairy cow
  • Endometritis
  • Mastitis
  • Somatic cell count
  • Trace minerals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Effect of an injectable trace mineral supplement containing selenium, copper, zinc, and manganese on the health and production of lactating Holstein cows. / Machado, V. S.; Bicalho, M. L S; Pereira, Richard Van Vleck; Caixeta, L. S.; Knauer, W. A.; Oikonomou, G.; Gilbert, R. O.; Bicalho, R. C.

In: Veterinary Journal, Vol. 197, No. 2, 08.2013, p. 451-456.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Machado, V. S. ; Bicalho, M. L S ; Pereira, Richard Van Vleck ; Caixeta, L. S. ; Knauer, W. A. ; Oikonomou, G. ; Gilbert, R. O. ; Bicalho, R. C. / Effect of an injectable trace mineral supplement containing selenium, copper, zinc, and manganese on the health and production of lactating Holstein cows. In: Veterinary Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 197, No. 2. pp. 451-456.
@article{1a75fe77f2aa4c55a89d0993548290c9,
title = "Effect of an injectable trace mineral supplement containing selenium, copper, zinc, and manganese on the health and production of lactating Holstein cows",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a subcutaneous injection of a multimineral preparation containing 300. mg of zinc, 50. mg of manganese, 25. mg of selenium, and 75. mg of copper at 230 and 260. days of gestation and 35. days postpartum, on the health, milk production and reproductive performance of lactating Holstein cows. A randomized field trial was conducted on three large commercial dairy farms located near Ithaca, New York, USA, with 1416 cows enrolled. All cows were housed and offered a total mixed ration consisting of approximately 55{\%} forage and 45{\%} concentrate on a dry matter basis of the diet, which supplied 2-6 times the NRC requirements for the supplemented elements. Dry cows and pregnant heifers were blocked by parity and randomly allocated to one of two treatments: Trace mineral supplemented (TMS) or control. For multiparous cows, subcutaneous TMS significantly decreased linear somatic cell count scores (normalized data) as compared to control cows. The incidence of subclinical mastitis for TMS and control cows was 10.4{\%} and 8.0{\%}, respectively (P= 0.005). The main effect of treatment on clinical mastitis was not significant but the interaction of treatment and parity was significant. For primiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis was 11.8{\%} and 15.6{\%} for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.33); for multiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis for control and TMS cows was 25.4{\%} and 19.7{\%}, respectively (P= 0.03). Additionally, control cows had increased odds of stillbirth and endometritis (odds ratios 1.69 and 1.30, respectively). The incidence of endometritis was 34.2{\%} and 28.6{\%} for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.039) but treatment had no effect on reproductive performance, milk production or other health traits. Further research is required to confirm these findings and to establish whether the response seen in this study was related to the supplementation of a particular mineral.",
keywords = "Dairy cow, Endometritis, Mastitis, Somatic cell count, Trace minerals",
author = "Machado, {V. S.} and Bicalho, {M. L S} and Pereira, {Richard Van Vleck} and Caixeta, {L. S.} and Knauer, {W. A.} and G. Oikonomou and Gilbert, {R. O.} and Bicalho, {R. C.}",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.02.022",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "197",
pages = "451--456",
journal = "Veterinary Journal",
issn = "1090-0233",
publisher = "Bailliere Tindall Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of an injectable trace mineral supplement containing selenium, copper, zinc, and manganese on the health and production of lactating Holstein cows

AU - Machado, V. S.

AU - Bicalho, M. L S

AU - Pereira, Richard Van Vleck

AU - Caixeta, L. S.

AU - Knauer, W. A.

AU - Oikonomou, G.

AU - Gilbert, R. O.

AU - Bicalho, R. C.

PY - 2013/8

Y1 - 2013/8

N2 - The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a subcutaneous injection of a multimineral preparation containing 300. mg of zinc, 50. mg of manganese, 25. mg of selenium, and 75. mg of copper at 230 and 260. days of gestation and 35. days postpartum, on the health, milk production and reproductive performance of lactating Holstein cows. A randomized field trial was conducted on three large commercial dairy farms located near Ithaca, New York, USA, with 1416 cows enrolled. All cows were housed and offered a total mixed ration consisting of approximately 55% forage and 45% concentrate on a dry matter basis of the diet, which supplied 2-6 times the NRC requirements for the supplemented elements. Dry cows and pregnant heifers were blocked by parity and randomly allocated to one of two treatments: Trace mineral supplemented (TMS) or control. For multiparous cows, subcutaneous TMS significantly decreased linear somatic cell count scores (normalized data) as compared to control cows. The incidence of subclinical mastitis for TMS and control cows was 10.4% and 8.0%, respectively (P= 0.005). The main effect of treatment on clinical mastitis was not significant but the interaction of treatment and parity was significant. For primiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis was 11.8% and 15.6% for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.33); for multiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis for control and TMS cows was 25.4% and 19.7%, respectively (P= 0.03). Additionally, control cows had increased odds of stillbirth and endometritis (odds ratios 1.69 and 1.30, respectively). The incidence of endometritis was 34.2% and 28.6% for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.039) but treatment had no effect on reproductive performance, milk production or other health traits. Further research is required to confirm these findings and to establish whether the response seen in this study was related to the supplementation of a particular mineral.

AB - The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a subcutaneous injection of a multimineral preparation containing 300. mg of zinc, 50. mg of manganese, 25. mg of selenium, and 75. mg of copper at 230 and 260. days of gestation and 35. days postpartum, on the health, milk production and reproductive performance of lactating Holstein cows. A randomized field trial was conducted on three large commercial dairy farms located near Ithaca, New York, USA, with 1416 cows enrolled. All cows were housed and offered a total mixed ration consisting of approximately 55% forage and 45% concentrate on a dry matter basis of the diet, which supplied 2-6 times the NRC requirements for the supplemented elements. Dry cows and pregnant heifers were blocked by parity and randomly allocated to one of two treatments: Trace mineral supplemented (TMS) or control. For multiparous cows, subcutaneous TMS significantly decreased linear somatic cell count scores (normalized data) as compared to control cows. The incidence of subclinical mastitis for TMS and control cows was 10.4% and 8.0%, respectively (P= 0.005). The main effect of treatment on clinical mastitis was not significant but the interaction of treatment and parity was significant. For primiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis was 11.8% and 15.6% for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.33); for multiparous cows, the incidence of clinical mastitis for control and TMS cows was 25.4% and 19.7%, respectively (P= 0.03). Additionally, control cows had increased odds of stillbirth and endometritis (odds ratios 1.69 and 1.30, respectively). The incidence of endometritis was 34.2% and 28.6% for control and TMS cows, respectively (P= 0.039) but treatment had no effect on reproductive performance, milk production or other health traits. Further research is required to confirm these findings and to establish whether the response seen in this study was related to the supplementation of a particular mineral.

KW - Dairy cow

KW - Endometritis

KW - Mastitis

KW - Somatic cell count

KW - Trace minerals

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881664378&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881664378&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.02.022

DO - 10.1016/j.tvjl.2013.02.022

M3 - Article

VL - 197

SP - 451

EP - 456

JO - Veterinary Journal

JF - Veterinary Journal

SN - 1090-0233

IS - 2

ER -