Effect of an Educational Video to Increase Calls and Screening into an Anal Cancer Clinical Trial Among HIV+ Hispanics in PR: Results from a Randomized Controlled Behavioral Trial

Ana P. Ortiz, Mark Machin, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Hilmaris Centeno-Girona, Darilyn Rivera-Collazo, Daisy González, Moon S Chen, Vivian Colón-López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anal cancer incidence is higher in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) than in the general population. Participation of PLWHA in anal cancer clinical trials (CTs) is essential; Hispanic PLWHA are underrepresented in CTs. We conducted a behavioral CT among 305 PLWHA in Puerto Rico to measure the efficacy of an educational video in increasing calls and screening into an anal cancer CT. Participants received printed educational materials on anal cancer and CTs; the intervention group also received an educational video. Outcome assessment based on follow-up interviews showed that printed materials increased awareness about CTs and high-resolution anoscopy (HRA), and willingness to participate in an anal cancer CT in both groups. However, the addition of the video increased the likelihood of participants to call the CT for orientation (RRadjusted = 1.66, 95% CI 1.00–2.76; p = 0.05) and pre-screening evaluation (RRadjusted = 1.70, 95% CI 0.95–3.03; p = 0.07). This intervention could help increase participation of Hispanics into anal cancer-related CTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAIDS and Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Anal cancer
  • Behavioral intervention
  • Clinical trials
  • Hispanics
  • HIV/AIDS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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