Effect of adrenalectomy and high-fat diet on the fatty Zucker rat

G. A. Bray, J. S. Stern, T. W. Castonguay

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Abstract

Lean and obese Zucker fatty rats were adrenalectomized or sham operated at 10 wk of age. At 15 wk one-half of each group was placed on a high-fat diet. At 32 wk of age the experiment was ended. Several conclusions can be drawn about the effects of adrenalectomy, high-fat diets, and their interaction in the Zucker fatty rat. First, adrenalectomy slowed the weight gain in both obese fatty rats and in the lean animals, although the effect was greater in the fatty rats. Second, weight gain was accelerated in intact lean and fatty rats eating a high-fat diet. Third, adrenalectomy attenuated the weight gain associated with a high-fat diet and reduced the body content of fat and protein in the lean animals and fatty rats fed the low-fat diet. Fifth, adrenalectomy significantly affected the retroperitoneal and subcutaneous fat depots but not the epididymal fat depot. Sixth, adrenalectomy decreased fat cell number in retroperitoneal and subcutaneous fat depots, but this was much less evident in the epididymal fat depot. Seventh, lipoprotein lipase activity expressed per milligram protein increased after adrenalectomy in the fatty rat but was reduced on the same basis in lean animals regardless of diet. Finally, the increase in retroperitoneal lipoprotein lipase activity expressed per fat cell observed in lean animals fed the high-fat diet was not observed in the fatty rat. These studies show that a high-fat diet and adrenalectomy interact in the development of obesity in both lean and fatty Zucker rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume262
Issue number1 25-1
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Body composition
  • Fat cell number
  • Fat cell size
  • Genetics
  • Lipoprotein lipase
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology

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