Economics for assisting policy-makers to take decisions about new and endemic diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Animal health policy-makers are frequently faced with making decisions concerning the control and exclusion of diseases in livestock and wildlife populations. Economics is one of the tools they have to aid their decision-making. It can enable them to make objective decisions based on the expected costs and benefits of their policy. In addition, economics can help them determine both the distribution impact and the indirect impact of their decisions. However, economics is only one of many tools available to policy-makers, who also need to consider non-economic outcomes in their decision-making process. While there are sophisticated epidemic and economic (epinomic) models that are available to help evaluate complex problems, these models typically require extensive data and well-Trained analysts to run and interpret their results. In addition, effective communication between analysts and policy-makers is importantto ensure that results are clearly conveyed to the policy-makers. This may be facilitated by early and continued discussions between these two potentially disparate groups. If successfully performed and communicated, economic analyses may present valuable information to policy-makers, enabling them to not only better understand the economic implications of their policy, but also to communicate the policy to relevant stakeholders, further ensuring their likelihood of participating in the planned policy and hence increasing its likelihood of success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalOIE Revue Scientifique et Technique
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal health
  • Communication
  • Decision-making
  • Economics
  • Epidemiology
  • Epinomics
  • Policy-making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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