Using percutaneous angioplasty to induce the ischemic cascade in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, echocardiographic wall motion abnormalities have been documented to precede electrocardiographic abnormalities and angina. Therefore, detection of cardiac wall motion abnormalities is potentially more sensitive than the history, physical examination, and ECG for identification of myocardial ischemia. Echocardiography is highly reliable for assessing cardiac wall motion and, thus, it has been used for diagnosis and risk assessment in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with symptoms suggestive of myocardial ischemia. In patients who have acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI), echocardiography is comparable to invasive left ventriculography for detecting wall motion abnormalities. However, the usefulness of echocardiography in the low-risk population that has chest pain of uncertain origin and a nondiagnostic initial presentation is less well established.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine