Early Cerebral Blood Volume after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Patients with early Cerebral Ischemia

Marc L. Schröder, Jan Paul Muizelaar, P. Fatouros, A. J. Kuta, S. C. Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent early cerebral blood flow (CBF) studies on severe head injury have revealed ischemia in a substantial number of patients with a variety of CT diagnoses. However, the underlying derangements causing this early ischemia are unknown, but cerebral blood volume (CBV) measurements might offer some insight into this pathology. Therefore, acute CBF and CBV measurements were performed in 51 adult severely head injured patients within 24 hours after injury. For this purpose the stable Xenon-CT procedure was used for assessment of CBF, and a dynamic CT imaging technique was used for determining CBV. All ischemic patients were found among 35 subjects studied within 4 hours after injury (31%). Based on the occurrence of regional ischemia seven patients with varying anatomical lesions on CT were selected for comparison between CBF and CBV in ischemic and non-ischemic areas. Both CBF (p < 0.02) and CBV (p < 0.02) exhibited significantly lower values in the ischemic zones. Ten patients showing a subdural hematoma (SDH) were studied preceding surgery and seven were ischemic in at least one lobe or brainstem. Ipsilateral CBF was lower than CBF in the contralateral side (p < 0.1). CBV at the ipsilateral side was significantly reduced compared to the contralateral side (p < 0.05). Follow-up studies were performed in three ischemic patients and in one borderline ischemic patient immediately after removal of SDH showing a striking increase in both CBF and CBV. In the remaining 26 subjects follow-up studies were obtained between day 2 and day 8 and all patients showed CBF values within the normal range. These data evidently support the suggestion that compromise of the microvasculature is the cause of early ischemia, rather than vasospasm of the larger conductance vessels. This has implications for acute post-traumatic therapeutical strategies and management of the severely head injured patient and may lead to testing of new drugs that are effective in interfering with processes causing this ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-130
Number of pages4
JournalActa Neurochirurgica, Supplement
Volume1998
Issue numberSUPPL. 71
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood volume
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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