Early BAFF receptor blockade mitigates murine Sjögren's syndrome: Concomitant targeting of CXCL13 and the BAFF receptor prevents salivary hypofunction

Arjun Sharma, Jeremy Kiripolsky, Ekaterina Klimatcheva, Alan Howell, Farzad Fereidouni, Richard M Levenson, Thomas L. Rothstein, Jill M. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a debilitating autoimmune disease. Patients with SS may develop xerostomia. This process is progressive, and there are no therapeutics that target disease etiology. We hypothesized BAFF receptor (BAFFR) blockade would mitigate SS disease development, and neutralization of CXCL13 and BAFF signaling would be more efficacious than BAFFR blockade alone. We treated NOD/ShiLtJ SS mice with soluble BAFF receptor (BAFFR-Fc) or anti-CXCL13/BAFFR-Fc in combination, prior to the development of clinical disease. Our results show treatment with BAFFR-Fc reduced peripheral B cell numbers and decreased sialadenitis. In addition, this treatment reduced total serum immunoglobulin as well as IgG and IgM specific anti-nuclear autoantibodies. NOD/ShiLtJ mice treated with BAFFR-Fc and anti-CXCL13 antibody were protected from salivary deficits. Results from this study suggest blockade of CXCL13 and BAFFR together may be an effective therapeutic strategy in preventing salivary hypofunction and reducing autoantibody titers and sialadenitis in patients with SS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Autoantibody
  • BAFF receptor
  • CXCL13
  • Salivary hypofunction
  • Sialadenitis
  • Sjögren's syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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