The presence and regulation of cadherin localization in osteoblastic cells were examined. Monoclonal antibody (ECCD-1) that interferes with E-cadherin function prevented cell adhesion in UMR 106-H5 rat osteosarcoma cells and non-tumorigenic mouse calvarial MC3T3-E1 cells, whereas CCL39 fibroblast adhesion was not affected. Immunofluorescent antibodies (ECCD-2 and polyclonal L-CAM P1) revealed cadherins are localized along the osteoblastic cell-cell boundaries. Exposure of UMR 106-H5 cells to bovine parathyroid hormone (1-84) (PTH; 10 ng/ml × 1 hr) or low calcium medium (1.0 - 0.025 Mn) produced cellular retraction accompanied by intense immunofluorescence for cadherins throughout cells with a corresponding loss of punctate localization at remaining cell-cell adhesion points. Western immunoblot analysis indicated 108 kd and 115 kd cadherins are present, with a smaller 29.5 kd band that became predominantly associated with the cytosolic fraction of cells treated with parathyroid hormone or lowered calcium. The results demonstrate E-like cadherins are present in osteoblastic cells and implicate a regulatory role for parathyroid hormone and calcium in cadherin function and localization.
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