Dynamics of insulin and glucagon release in rats: Influence of dietary manganese

D. L. Baly, D. L. Curry, Carl L Keen, L. S. Hurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of manganese on endocrine pancreatic function was examined in manganese-sufficient (control) and manganese-deficient (Mn-) Sprague-Dawley rats. Pancreatic insulin release was lower (P <0.05) in Mn- rats than in controls in response to both a 300 mg/dl and a 100 mg/dl glucose stimulus. The 300 mg/dl glucose stimulus induced the synthesis of 19.4 μg insulin/g pancreas in control rats. Additionally, no appreciable intracellular degradation of insulin occurred over an 80-min perfusion period. By contrast, in Mn- rats, there occurred an intracellular insulin degradation amounting to 7.8 μg/g pancreas. This enhanced degradation was partially compensated by a net insulin synthesis of only 3.4 μg insulin/g pancreas. Initial (min 1-3) insulin release by Mn- rats in response to 10 mM arginine was lower (P <0.05) than that observed in controls. Pancreatic glucagon release in response to 10 mM arginine was not affected by manganese deficiency. These findings demonstrate that manganese deficiency results in depressed pancreatic insulin synthesis and enhanced degradation. These factors may be responsible for the abnormal carbohydrate metabolism observed in Mn- animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1734-1740
Number of pages7
JournalEndocrinology
Volume116
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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