Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a severe form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease characterized by lobular inflammation and hepatocyte injury and is a key determinant of clinical outcome.1 Liver biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis but is limited by risks of the procedure and interobserver variability. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based technology may provide novel means to identify NASH,2 there remains a significant need for other modalities to diagnose NASH noninvasively. Glucose transport, an integral tissue process altered in NASH,3 is measurable with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET). Because unenhanced computed tomography (CT) scan can detect hepatic steatosis quite reliably,4 and PET combines unenhanced CT for attenuation correction, we hypothesized that measurement of the combination of glucose transport by PET and steatosis by CT could yield a reliable radiologic correlate of NASH.
ASJC Scopus subject areas