Objective: To describe the normal motion pattern at the midcarpal compartment during active radial–ulnar deviation of the wrist using dynamic MRI, and to determine the observer performance for measurements obtained in asymptomatic volunteers. Methods: Dynamic MRI of 35 wrists in 19 asymptomatic volunteers (age mean 30.4 years, SD 8.6) was performed during active radial–ulnar deviation using a fast gradient-echo pulse sequence with 315 ms temporal resolution (acquisition time, 19 s). Two independent readers measured the transverse translation of the trapezium at the scaphotrapezium joint (STJ) and the capitate-to-triquetrum distance (CTD). Relationships between these measurements and laterality, sex, lunate type, and wrist kinematic pattern were evaluated. Results: At the STJ, the trapezium moved most in radial deviation, with an overall translation of 2.3 mm between ulnar and radial deviation. Mean CTD measurements were the greatest in ulnar deviation and varied 2.4 mm between ulnar and radial deviation. Mean CTD was greater in men than women in the neutral position (p = 0.019), and in wrists with type II lunate morphology during radial and ulnar deviation (p = 0.001, p = 0.014). There were no significant differences in trapezium translation or CTD with wrist laterality and kinematic pattern. Intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients were 0.97 and 0.87 for trapezium translation and 0.84 and 0.67 for CTD. Conclusion: This study is the first to demonstrate the performance of dynamic MRI to quantify STJ motion and CTD. Dynamic MRI with a short acquisition time may be used as a tool to supplement static MRI in evaluation of the midcarpal compartment.
- Carpal instability
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Radioulnar deviation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging