Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Any plant or animal sufficiently less than minimal size standards for any given species is considered a dwarf. Dwarfism, the affecting condition, can result from both genetic and environmental factors. Genetic mutations affecting growth hormones typically result in proportionate dwarfism, while disproportionate dwarfism can be caused by mutations in other growth-related genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBrenner's Encyclopedia of Genetics
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9780080961569
ISBN (Print)9780123749840
StatePublished - Feb 27 2013


  • Achondroplasia
  • Congenital hypothyroidism
  • FGFR3
  • Hypochondroplasia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Primordial dwarfism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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